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A skin puncture caused by a hypodermic needle or sharp or broken item of equipment (e.g. scalpel, mounted needle, broken glassware, etc.) A needlestick injury is of concern because of the risk of transmission of blood-borne viruses (HBV, HCV, HIV). Most common cause in healthcare professionals is attempted re-sheathing of needles.
Health & Safety Executive Sharps injuries, 2013 https://www.hse.gov.uk/healthservices/needlesticks/
Public Health England. Eye of the Needle, 2014.
If the sharp was used or dirty:
See Green Book for prophylaxis and procedure where there is substantial risk of blood-borne infection (HIV or hepatitis), also for primary and reinforcing immunisation.
Hepatitis B prophylaxis
HBV immunoglobulin (HBIG) confers passive immunity and gives immediate but temporary protection after accidental inoculation or contamination with HBV-infected blood. HBIG is recommended only in high-risk situation or a known non-responder to vaccine. Should ideally be given with 24 hours of exposure, but can be considered at up to 1 week. An HBV vaccination course confers active immunity. If an unprotected individual is at high risk of infection, the vaccine can be given at the same time as HBIG.